A learning disability is impairment in the development of the brain. There are many different types and most develop before a baby is even born. A learning disability can also be caused by complications during birth, or because of a serious illness in early childhood. A learning disability is a lifelong condition which usually has a considerable impact on a person’s life.It is important to remember that a learning disability is not a mental illness.
Whilst the term is ‘learning’ disability, in most cases it is not just ‘learning’ that is affected, but there are also deficits in understanding, communication and social skills. People with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) require assistance with every aspect of their life, and often round the clock support with daily living skills such as, toileting, eating and washing.